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Sunday, 29 December 2013

How to Mix Basic Colours to Get the Shades You Want

Colour Mixing
So what if you don't have the exact shade you want in your paint box? Mix your own. Here are some basic rules to get you started.
1.      Red + Yellow = 1:1 = Orange
2.      Red + Yellow = 1:3 = Chrome yellow
3.      Yellow + Blue = 1:1 = Green
4.      Yellow + Blue = 2:1 = Light Green
5.      Red + Blue = 1:3 = Violet
6.      Red + Green = 1:1 = Brown (Reddish)
7.      Red + Black = 1:3 = Brunt Sienna
8.      Red + White = 1:3 = Pink
9.      Black + White = 1:1 = Grey
10.  Lemon Yellow + Black = 3:1 = Olive Green
11.  Red + Black = Brown
12.  Yellow + Black = a shade of brown
13.  V. Red + Blue = Brown
14.  Crimson Red + Blue = Purple
15.  Ultramarine Blue + Red = Purple
16.  Lemon Yellow + Blue = green
17.  Yellow Ochre + Red = Earthy colours like brown & Terracotta.
18.  Burnt Umber + Blue = Black
19.  Prussian or Cobalt Blue + Yellow = Greens
20.  White + any colour = Pastels

While mixing colours, it is advisable to mix the entire quantity required for the project in one go and store it in air tight bottles. (Don't throw away empty paint bottles.) It is extremely difficult to get the exact same shade again.

Black & Grey
  • We tend to use black to darken a colour. Black does darken it; but the result is a dull shade. Try this instead. Ultramarine blue + burnt umber = black. Use this to get a darker shade.
  •   You don’t need black to make grey either. For light grey, mix blue with white and then add a tiny blob of yellow and vermilion. 
Skin Tones
  •   It is a good idea to cut out the exact shade of the skin tone you want from a magazine and try to match it.
  • Mix a little red with white. Now add a little yellow and a little blue until you get a perfect match.
Greens
Here are some tips for getting the shades of green you want.
  1.   Mix together some lemon yellow and some cobalt blue for a bright green.
  2.   Now add different amounts of red to this to get different shades of green. 
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